Associate Professor, King Saud University for Health Specialties; Head of Cardiac Surgery Section, and Deputy Chairman; Department of Cardiac Sciences, King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Cardiology Consultant, Deputy Director, King Fahad Cardiac Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Ahmed A. Arifi
Consultant, Department of Cardiac Sciences; Director of Clinical Cardiac Research, King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Retired, Former Head of the Cardiology and Angiology Department at the University Hospital of Münster, Germany
Retired Consultant and Pediatric Cardiologist, the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, Scotland, Former Director of Pediatric Cardiology, King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Past President of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Professor of Surgery, University Hospital, Switzerland
Head of Cardiology and Consultant in Cardiovascular Interventions , King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Raid Al Abdulla
Pediatric Cardiologist, Rush University Medical Center; Editor-in-Chief of Pediatric Cardiology Journal, Chicago, USA
Hussam Al Faleh
Head of Cardiology Unit, King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Fahad Al Habshan
Consultant Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Imaging, King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center; Assistant Professor in Cardiac Sciences, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Ahmad Al Hersi
Associate Professor of Cardiac Sciences, Chairman of Cardiac Sciences Department, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Khalid Al Nemer
Interventional CT/Nuclear Cardiologist and Chairman of Professional Education Committee, Saudi Heart Association; Chairman of cardiac imaging society and Clinical Assistant Professor of Cardiology, King Saud University; Director of Cath Lab at Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Salah Nashi Alotaibi
Pediatric Consultant and Adult Cardiac Anesthesiologist, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Cardiologist Consultant and Cardiac Electrophysiologist, Department of Heart and Vascular, Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; Assistant Professor (adjunct) at Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, United States
Bahaaldin Al Soufi
Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgeon, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children’s Healthcare, Atlanta; Assistant Professor of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Georgia, USA
Jassim Al Suwaidi
Cardiologist Consultant, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
Professor and Head of Perinatal Cardiac Service, King Abbdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Ali El Halabi
President of the PanArab Congenital Heart Disease Association; Secretary General of the Union of Arab Pediatric Societies, Amman, Jordan
Mohammed Omar Galal
Professor and Chairman, Pediatric Cardiology department, King Fahd Medical City, Prince Salman Heart Centre, University Children Hospital, Essen, Germany
Huon H. Gray
Cardiologist Consultant, University Hospital of Southampton; Interim National Clinical Director of Cardiovascular Disease, Dept. of Health, England, UK
Director and Pediatric Cardiologist, Rush Center for Congenital and Structural Heart Disease, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, USA
David R. Holmes
President, American College of Cardiology; Professor of Medicine, consultant, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, USA
Head, Cardiac Critical Care; Consultant Cardiac Anesthesia, King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Chief, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Children’s National Medical Center, Washington, USA
Honarary President of the Pan Arab Angiology College, Adult Cardiologist, Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, the Damascus University Medical School, Damascus, Syria
Director of Cardiac Cath Lab., King Fahad Cardiac Center, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Pediatric Cardiologist, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, KSA
Shakeel Ahmed Qureshi
Consultant Pediatric Cardiologist, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Evelina Children’s Hospital, Guy’s and St Thomas Trust, London, UK
Professor in Surgery, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven; Past President of European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, Belgium
Senior Consultant Cardiologist, Royal Hospital, Muscat, Oman
Associate Professor of Biostatistics, Faulty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait
W. Douglas Weaver
Professor of Medicine, Darin Chair of Cardiology, Henry Ford Hospital, Michigan; V.P. and System Medical Director, Heart and Vascular Institute, Past President of American College of Cardiology, USA
William A. Zoghbi
President of the American College of Cardiology; The William L. Winters Chair; Director in Cardiac Imaging, the Methodist DeBakey Heart and Vascular Center, Houston, USA
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Guide for Authors
Before you begin
Conflict of interest
All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work. See alsohttp://www.elsevier.com/conflictsofinterest.
Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the copyright-holder. Note that conference proceedings are a form of publication.
Each author is required to declare his or her individual contribution to the article: all authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article preparation, so roles for all authors should be described. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure.
Role of the funding source
You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.
Manuscripts should be written in English. Authors who are unsure of correct English usage should have their manuscript checked by someone proficient in the language. Manuscripts in which the English is difficult to understand can be rejected. Authors who require information about language editing and copyediting services pre- and post-submission please visit http://www.elsevier.com/languagepolishing for more information. Please note Elsevier neither endorses nor takes responsibility for any products, goods or services offered by outside vendors through our services or in any advertising.
Submission to this journal proceeds totally online. Use the following guidelines to prepare your article. Via the homepage of this journal ( http://ees.elsevier.com/jsha) you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. The system automatically converts source files to a single Adobe Acrobat PDF version of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. Please note that even though manuscript source files are converted to PDF at submission for the review process, these source files are needed for further processing after acceptance. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor’s decision and requests for revision, takes place by e-mail and via the author’s homepage, removing the need for a hard-copy paper trail. Please submit your article via http://ees.elsevier.com/jsha.
You are required to submit, with the manuscript, the names and addresses of 4 potential referees that can give an independent review.
Multi-part papers are not to be considered. Papers that are requested by the editors to be revised must be returned within 4 weeks or they will be regarded as withdrawn. Water Research has no page charges.
Use of wordprocessing software
It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the wordprocessor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Most formatting codes will be removed and replaced on processing the article. In particular, do not use the wordprocessor’s options to justify text or to hyphenate words. However, do use bold face, italics, subscripts, superscripts etc. Do not embed “graphically designed” equations or tables, but prepare these using the wordprocessor’s facility. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. The electronic text should be prepared in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts Do not import the figures into the text file but, instead, indicate their approximate locations directly in the electronic text and on the manuscript. See also the section on Electronic illustrations. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the “spell-check” and “grammar-check” functions of your wordprocessor.
Subdivision – numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to “the text”. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. Use line numbering throughout your paper.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
Results should be clear and concise. Show only those experimental results that are relevant to your objectives and conclusions and which you want to discuss.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. It should integrate your findings in a comprehensive picture and place them in the context of the existing literature. A combined Results and Discussion section can be appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
For reviews the organisation of the paper can be different. It is however important that a review is more than a summary of the literature, an in-depth critical discussion is essential for acceptance of a review paper.
Conclusions contain essentially the ‘take-home’ message of a paper. Conclusions are not an extension of the discussion or a summary of the results. Authors are advised to list important implications of their work in form of a bulleted list. Conclusions must not contain references to the cited literature.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. It is also possible to add supplementary information on-line (see below).
Essential title page information
Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a “Present address” (or “Permanent address”) may be indicated as a footnote to that author’s name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major message. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list. Also, abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoid general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, “and”, “of”). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Use keywords that make your paper easy detectable for interested readers in literature databases. Repeating terms in the title is usually not needed. Abbreviations Nomenclature must be listed at the beginning of the paper and must conform to the system of standard SI units. Acronyms and abbreviations must be spelled out in full at their first occurrence in the text. In general, minimise the use of abbreviations so the paper remains easily understood by the general reader.
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals
who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
Save text in illustrations as “graphics” or enclose the font.
Only use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times, Symbol.
Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
Ensure that the figures can be understood without reading the text. Minimise use of abbreviations.
Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version.
Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF, EPS or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures these will be reproduced in color at no cost. For further information on the preparation of electronic artwork, please seehttp://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration, making it understandable independent of the text. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used. Prevent use of symbols in figures and captions.
Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Minimise the use of symbols and abbreviations in the tables.
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either “Unpublished results” or “Personal communication” Citation of a reference as “in press” implies that the item has been accepted for publication. Only cite the original papers and those relevant for the work, no need to give a full literature review in the introduction/discussion. A large fraction of self-citations is general an indication that the authors didn’t place their work well in the literature context.
As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
References in a special issue
Please ensure that the words ‘this issue’ are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.
Reference Style: All citations in the text should refer to:
Single author: the author’s name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
Two authors: both authors’ names and the year of publication;
Three or more authors: first author’s name followed by “et al.” and the year of publication.
Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically.
Examples: “as demonstrated (Allan, 1996a, 1996b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1995). Kramer et al. (2000) have recently shown ….”
List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., placed after the year of publication.
Examples: Reference to a journal publication: Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J., Lupton, R.A., 2000. The art of writing a scientific article. J. Sci. Commun. 163, 51-59.
Reference to a book: Strunk Jr., W., White, E.B., 1979. The Elements of Style, third ed. Macmillan, New York.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book: Mettam, G.R., Adams, L.B., 1999. How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S., Smith , R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281-304.
Web references: As a minimum, the full URL should be given. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
Elsevier accepts electronic supplementary material to support and enhance your scientific research. Supplementary files offer the author additional possibilities to publish supporting applications, movies, animation sequences, high-resolution images, background datasets, sound clips and more. Supplementary files supplied will be published online alongside the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect.
In order to ensure that your submitted material is directly usable, please ensure that data are provided in one of our recommended file formats. Authors should submit the material in electronic format together with the article and supply a concise and descriptive caption for each file. Video files: please supply ‘stills’ with your files: you can choose any frame from the video or make a separate image. These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the link to your supplementary information. For more detailed instructions please visit our artwork instruction pages at http://www.elsevier.com/artworkinstructions.
It is hoped that this list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal’s Editor for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item. Ensure that the following items are present:
One Author designated as corresponding Author:
Full postal address
Telephone, mobile telephone and fax numbers All necessary files have been uploaded
All figure captions
All tables (including title, description, footnotes) Further considerations
Manuscript has been “spellchecked” and “grammar-checked”
References are in the correct format for this journal
All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print
If only color on the Web is required, black and white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposes
Use of the Digital Object Identifier
The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) may be used to cite and link to electronic documents. The DOI consists of a unique alpha-numeric character string which is assigned to a document by the publisher upon the initial electronic publication. The assigned DOI never changes. Therefore, it is an ideal medium for citing a document, particularly ‘Articles in press’ because they have not yet received their full bibliographic information. The correct format for citing a DOI is shown as follows (example taken from a document in the journal Physics Letters B): doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2003.10.071 When you use the DOI to create URL hyperlinks to documents on the web, they are guaranteed never to change.
One set of page proofs (as PDF files) will be sent by e-mail to the corresponding author (if we do not have an e-mail address then paper proofs will be sent by post) or, a link will be provided in the e-mail so that authors can download the files themselves. Elsevier now provides authors with PDF proofs which can be annotated; for this you will need to download Adobe Reader version 7 (or higher) available free fromhttp://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html. Instructions on how to annotate PDF files will accompany the proofs (also given online). The exact system requirements are given at the Adobe site:http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/acrrsystemreqs.html#70win. If you do not wish to use the PDF annotations function, you may list the corrections (including replies to the Query Form) and return them to Elsevier in an e-mail. Please list your corrections quoting line number. If, for any reason, this is not possible, then mark the corrections and any other comments (including replies to the Query Form) on a printout of your proof and return by fax, or scan the pages and e-mail, or by post. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Therefore, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent back to us in one communication: please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is solely your responsibility. Note that Elsevier may proceed with the publication of your article if no response is received.
The corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file is a watermarked version of the published article and includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use. Additional paper offprints can be ordered by the authors. An order form with prices will be sent to the corresponding author.